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Negative Tú Commands

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To tell a friend or a close family member what not to do, follow these steps:
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Start with the "yo" form.

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Drop the "o" of the present tense form and add these endings:
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For -ar verbs add "es" (No hables.)

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For -er and -ir verbs add "as" (No comas y no escribas.)

 

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Here are the irregulars:

These are easy to remember because they do not end in "o" in the yo form. Therefore, there's no "o" to drop.
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dar = no des

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estar = no estés

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ir = no vayas

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ser = no seas

 

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Verbs ending in -car, -gar, -zar have spelling changes, just like they do in the preterite so that you keep the original sound.
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sacar = no saques

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llegar = no llegues

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cruzar = no cruces

 

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Place all pronouns between no and the command.
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No te levantes de la cama.

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No lo comas.

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