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Estar + Participle

Many adjectives in Spanish are actually the past participles of verbs. Do you remember how to form the past participle? You did this when you wanted to say that you have done something.

 For example:

·       María has studied Spanish.

·       María ha estudiado el español.


·       -ar verbs – Drop the –ar ending and add –ado.

·       -er/-ir verbs – Drop the -er/-ir ending and add –ido.


Ejemplos:    estudiar = estudiado (studied)

                     practicar = practicado (practiced)

                     cerrar = cerrado (closed)


·       The past participle is frequently used with estar to describe conditions that are the result of a previous action. In those cases, the past participle agrees with the subject in gender and number. It is acting like an adjective.

o     El pintor está sentado.                 The painter is seated.

o     Las paredes estaban pintadas.    The walls were painted.


·       Remember that there are many past participles that are irregular.




poner: puesto



resolver: resuelto

escribir: escrito



hacer: hecho



morir: muerto

volver: vuelto


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