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Subject Pronouns

·       The subject of a sentence tells who is doing the action.

·       You often use people’s names as the subject:

o     Pablo escucha música.            Pablo listens to music.

o     Ana canta y baila.                   Ana sings and dances.

 

·       You also use subject pronouns (I, you, he she, we, they) to tell who is doing an action. The subject pronouns replace a person’s name.

o     Él escucha música.                 He listens to music.

o     Ella canta y baila.                   She sings and dances.

 

 

Singular

Plural

yo

I

nosotros

nosotras

we

you (informal)

vosotros

vosotras

you all

(Spain – informal)

él

he

ellos

they

(all boys; mixed)

ella

she

ellas

they (all girls)

Usted (Ud.)

you (formal)

Ustedes (Uds.)

you all

(formal or informal)

 

Tú, usted, ustedes, and vosotros(as) all mean “you”.

is used with:

bulletFamily members
bulletFriends
bulletPeople your age or younger
bulletAnyone you call by his/her first name.

Usted is used with:

bulletAdults you address with a title, such as señor, señora, señorita, profesor(a), etc.
bulletPeople you would like to be more formal with.
bulletUsted is usually written Ud.

Ustedes is used:

bulletIn Latin America when speaking to 2 or more people, regardless of age.
bulletIn Spain when talking to 2 or more people you call usted individually.
bulletUstedes is usually written Uds.

Vosotros is used:

bulletIn Spain when talking to 2 or more people you call individually. Tú + tú = vosotros

 

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